Generate a modern CSR with OpenSSL

Update: This is a good start, but make sure to also check out Let's Encrypt. Many of the clients will automatically generate the highest-grade certificate for you, including more modern ciphers like ECDSA.

To get an SSL certificate, you need to first generate a CSR. However, some early settings for the CSR can cripple your deployment before you even choose any ciphers. The normal command, openssl req, will use old and now insecure defaults.

Not that it's particularly hard, you just need to pass in some parameters to the command to opt into the newer crypto:

openssl req -nodes -new -newkey rsa:4096 -sha256 -keyout private.key -out cert.csr

The particular updates to the command are 2 part:

  • The new certificate request will generate a 4096 bit RSA key. This is currently more than the base 2048 that's considered secure, but I have heard rumors about 2048 becoming factorizable... Better safe than sorry.
  • Use SHA256 for the hash in the CSR. Shaaaaaaaaaaaaa has a good summary

For personal sites, not EVs, you can also pass another parameter to openssl to avoid it asking questions. All you need for those sites is just the common name of the certificate, or the domain name to be used for the site:

openssl req -subj '/'